Whoever or Whomever?
Learn the rule (or how to avoid the issue).
By Neal Whitman, read by Mignon Fogarty, Grammar Girl June 18, 2011
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It’s time to take another look at a perennial source of confusion and frustration in English grammar: the pronoun “whom.”
I talked about “whom” in episodes 44 and 98, and I’ll give a quick recap to set the stage here, but if you haven’t listened to them yet, or if you’re not sure you remember them, you should go back and listen to them to get the most out of today’s episode.
“Who” Versus “Whom”
In episode 44, “Who Versus Whom,” I covered the basics: “whom” is the objective case of the pronoun “who,” used when “who” is an object in a sentence instead of a subject. For example, you’d use “who” in “Who loves you, baby?” because “who” is the subject of “loves.” But you’d use “whom” in “Whom do you love?” because “whom” is the object of “love” – the “object” of affection.
In episode 98, “Who Versus Whom, Advanced,” I took on more confusing cases, such as “Who do you think did it?” Since there are two verbs–“think” and “did”–at first, you might think it should be “Whom do you think did it.” “Who” isn’t the subject of the verb “think,” but it is the subject of the verb “did.” Since it’s in the subject position, the correct choice is “who.” It’s not different from the simple case we just covered; it’s just that the sentence is a little more complicated.
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“Confused by the cloud? You are not alone,” was written by Kirill Bensonoff in December of 2013, and while some of the specific stats may be out of date, the information contained is still relevant today:
Everyone seems quick to throw the word “cloud” around like it’s this decade’s biggest buzzword.
As a concept, the cloud can actually be traced back to the 1950s, when multiple terminals were first connected to one main computer to make more efficient use of expensive mainframes. As technology evolved, scientists naturally turned toward methods of connecting multiple users to one single server located offsite.
In Citrix’s study, 54 percent of respondents stated they hardly ever use cloud computing. Ninety-five percent of those respondents were wrong. Consumers use cloud computing every day to check web-based e-mail, conduct online banking activities, store photos and music, and more. The social media sites frequented by 72 percent of all online adults also count as cloud computing, since users connect to servers located far away to communicate with loved ones and share photos.
A cloud is a remote server, located in a data canter owned by a company. Rather than connecting a server in his or her own home or workplace, consumers use the internet to log into one of these faraway sites. For instance, a user’s web-based e-mail is stored on Google’s servers or Microsoft’s servers, secured with a password known only to the user.
Some cloud services charge a subscription rate to store files, media, and even an organization’s entire network infrastructure. For a small monthly fee, a business can pay some other company to take care of all of its files and apps. Each worker in that business can connect to that server from any internet-connected device, accessing all of those files and apps from home, from the road, or while in the office.
Workplace of the Future
The cloud has opened up big possibilities for the future of the workplace. Citrix’s study found that 59 percent of those surveyed feel that the workplace of the future will be housed 100 percent in the cloud. This is convenient for the 40 percent of respondents who stated that being able to access work at home while wearing nothing but their “birthday suit” is the cloud’s biggest advantage.
With the cloud playing such a big part in the future of corporate America, it’s no surprise that many Americans pretend they know what cloud computing is. More than one-fifth of Americans have pretended to understand how the cloud works, while 14 percent have pretended for the sake of a job interview. Consumers are even acting as though they understand the cloud in their personal lives–17 percent of respondents admitted to having lied about knowing how the cloud works while on a date.
Gradually, cloud technology is changing the way we shop, play, and even work. Its important consumers fully understand this game changes the way they dress for work every day.
This Week in the Cloud and Telecom Industries:
US telecom giant AT&T nearing deal to buy satellite broadcaster DirecTV
By Michael J. de la Merced
AT&T is poised to announce a takeover of DirecTV Inc. within days, people briefed on the matter said on Saturday, ushering in another sweeping transformation of the telecommunications industry. READ MORE
AFP | May 22, 2014, 04.26 PM IST
In the original bill, the NSA no longer would have been allowed to use secret court orders to gather telephone data on unlimited millions of Americans, and collected data would be stored with telecom companies, not government groups like the NSA. READ MORE
Press Release: May 21, 2014, 12:12 p.m. EDT
VoIP services are assisting businesses and residential customers in saving monthly phone bills and having higher quality phone services with more substantial features. Outdating traditional telephone providers, VoIP providers take advantage of cloud technology….READ MORE
Reporter: Laura Luo 丨 CCTV.com | 05-22-2014
Cloud computing has seen explosive growth in China as the country is expected to become the biggest market for the technology in 5 to 10 years. American and Chinese cloud service providers are already going head-to-head in global competition. READ MORE
For anyone who’s interested in a long and in-depth article regarding the past and present failures of IBM, this is a great read:
Interesting bullet points and quotes from the article:
- Amazon beats out IBM in a bid for a CIA contract to move to the cloud. IBM contends the decision – but is forced to withdraw in embarrassment when a federal judge said that due to the “overall inferiority of its proposal,” IBM “lacked any chance of winning” the contract.
- “The agency had ‘grave’ concerns about the ability of IBM technology to scale up and down in response to usage spikes, and it rated the company’s technical demo as ‘marginal.’ Overall, the CIA concluded, IBM was a high-risk choice.”
- IBM was the only company in the Dow Jones industrial average whose shares lost value last year.
- “Rometty’s predecessor, Sam Palmisano, pledged that per-share earnings would reach $20 in five years, a plan called Roadmap 2015. In interviews, and even in public Internet posts, employees refer to the plan bitterly as Roadkill 2015.”
- “In an August 2013 study of 15 cloud infrastructure providers, research firm Gartner (IT) rated IBM worst, behind Microsoft (MSFT), Rackspace (RAX), and Verizon (VZ).”
- “Hardware sales have plummeted 24 percent in two years, turning a manageable decline into a full-on implosion. As a rule, new companies are not buying their own servers and mainframes, and larger corporations, instead of ordering new machines when they reach an upgrade point, are moving their workloads to the cloud, too.”
- “The cold-sweat scenario for IBM is that it does catch up to Amazon and other cloud providers—only to find that competition has driven margins toward zero.”
- “Wall Street analysts have been warning, louder and louder, that IBM can’t keep cutting its way to profits forever. In May 2013, by Bloomberg’s count, half the analysts covering the stock rated it a buy. Today the rate is less than one in four.”
IBM has been around for over 100 years and fueled much of the innovation we’ve seen in the technological world. Could we be witnessing the fall of Big Blue? This article is a living history of an epic and once, seemingly invincible, technological stronghold. Read the full Article HERE.
“100% of computing will be in the cloud.”
That’s what they say, isn’t it? It turns out- that really isn’t very likely. Data transfer into and out of the cloud is great– at wired speeds. But what of the limitations of our mobile interactions? The U.S. ranks 35th in the world in terms of bandwidth per user, according to the World Economic Forum.
The reality is, more and more “things” are connected to the internet than ever before. Everything from refrigerators to our cars are sending and receiving on the new, “internet of things”.
3g and 4g networks will not be able to maintain the load. Hence the dawn of a new form of computing – and where else but from the things themselves? Not up in the air in some virtual cloud, but among us in our day to day devices. Every day items will soon be picking up the computing load as the new “fog” rolls in.
Cloud computing is still and will remain relevant. But keep an eye out for newer technologies – devices which will soon bypass the cloud altogether and remain in the internet of things- sending data to and from each other.
No more point of failure with onsite IT equipment:
No expensive office real-estate for hardware:
No onsite battery backup and expensive electrical supply systems:
No more licensing uses and upgrades:
No more expensive hardware upgrades:
NOW THEY HAVE:
Access to the latest and fastest processors at a secure site:
Triple redundant sites at geographically diverse locations
More time to act and think strategically and not deal with hardware issues:
This is a true story based on a client relationship we’ve had for over 6 years. We looked at 3 acclaimed virtual cloud providers before determining the absolute best solution for their company size, culture, and needs.